warfighters assess net-centric information sharing processes
Joint Forces Command worked with the Defense Information Systems
Agency and U.S. Strategic Command to examine various emerging
command and control capabilities during a demonstration of the
Net-Centric Services program.
USJFCOM Public Affairs
Va. - Nov. 22, 2004) -- As part of an effort to assess
new battlefield command and control capabilities, U.S.
Joint Forces Command partnered with the Defense Information
Systems Agency (DISA) and U.S. Strategic Command last
week during a pilot event here.
pilot event, known as Oktoberfest, ran Nov. 15 to 19
and examined DISA's Net-Centric Enterprise Services (NCES)
program, which is a Web-based approach to sharing real-time
data in the battlefield, said Edwin A. Shuman, USJFCOM
focused on looking at user awareness and the common defined
operational picture from a Standing
Joint Force Headquarters (SJFHQ) perspective, according
is a set of services for the warfighter similar to the
set of services available to a customer purchasing a
book via the Internet. Shuman explained that when a consumer
enters the Web services environment via a browser, does
a search, selects a book, places it in the shopping cart,
and purchases with a credit card, "what looks like
a unified process on the front end to the user is really
a series of services coming from different service providers."
data may come from several book repositories and the
purchase process is connected to the credit card company
website," said Shuman who explained that the Department
of Defense (DoD) is using this integrated process to
provide situational awareness and capabilities that assist
operations like joint close air support and global strike
web service based approach is really about opening up
data stovepipes and sharing critical information, said
DoD, there is a big push to share information and ensure
that user systems are interoperable and integrated. Oktoberfest
is a "try before you buy" event, said Shuman. "Does
the Web service architecture bring better situational
awareness to the joint warfighters? Can warfighters access
to Shuman, a chain of events must occur to share critical
battlefield information and during Oktoberfest USJFCOM
and DISA looked at services available through the GIG,
or global information grid.
GIG is the worldwide information network currently being
developed by the US that will link all data and communications
networks together in a seamless environment.
warfighting data capabilities, which were explored, included:
data posting, storage, and access to include information
assurance and security.
weeklong distributed event was part of a DoD-wide effort
to foster partnership and speed transformation, said
goal is to quickly make information accessible on demand
to warfighters, enabling them to deal with opponents
effectively," said Shuman.
Joint Force Headquarters Core Element
Standing Joint Force Headquarters Core Element (SJFHQ) is
a team of operational planners and information command and
control specialists. This team of experts forms the backbone
of the joint task force command structure.
day-to-day operations, or when a contingency requires the
establishment of a joint task force, all or part of the SJFHQ
element is assigned to a combatant commander and is embedded
in his staff.
SJFHQ is not designed as a standing joint task force, but
rather as a standing element that focuses on a combatant
commander’s operational trouble spots. The SJFHQ is
the highest priority of the chairman of the Joint Chiefs
of Staff for joint concept development and experimentation.
is the SJFHQ in the development process?
For more than two years, joint concept developers at United States Joint Forces
Command (USJFCOM)—along with partners throughout the Department of Defense,
the interagency community, the information technology industry, and a limited
number of multinational partners—have collaborated on the development
of the SJFHQ conceptual model.
February 2002, USJFCOM moved the SJFHQ from the conceptual
stage to the experimental design stage. The SJFHQ design
must support how we fight today, yet be flexible enough to
be reshaped to support tomorrow’s fighting force. The
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff intends to have at
least one operational SJFHQ in each geographic combatant
command by fiscal year 2005.
is the SJFHQ different?
The SJFHQ will provide each geographic combatant commander with an informed
and in-place command and control capability, reducing the “ad hoc” nature
of today’s joint task force headquarters. Notably, due to a deep situational
understanding before effective force employment, the SJFHQ will give the combatant
commanders an advantage of time, perhaps the most critical resource.
SJFHQ is the organizational centerpiece of adaptive joint
command and control for a rapid, decisive operation.
practical terms, this in-place command and control capability
allows pre-crisis planning for the focus areas directed by
combatant commanders. This capability is based on an improved,
more timely situational awareness and understanding of the
adversary as well as of friendly forces.
in the SJFHQ are established habitual relationships through
the combatant commanders to the interagency community.
with shared situational awareness, these relationships allow
a combatant commander to apply appropriate preemptive or
follow-on actions using applicable national tools.
does it work?
By using collaborative planning tools, the SJFHQ develops a pre-crisis knowledge
base of the adversary’s systems and capabilities. In turn, this leads
to the creation of the “operational net assessment.” The SJFHQ
supports the pre-crisis efforts of the combatant commander’s planning
directorate, allowing seamless planning and execution during crisis response.
commanders may employ the SJFHQ:
To serve as the core of a joint task force (JTF) headquarters
To augment a component or other headquarters designated as a JTF
To augment the combatant command headquarters or to serve as its forward
element when the combatant commander functions as the joint force commander.
are the expectations for the SJFHQ?
The SJFHQ is envisioned as a standing, coherent team of “joint generalists” that
is led by a flag/general officer.
it incorporates extensive training for and knowledge of joint
operations, as well as an ongoing understanding of the combatant
commander’s theater perspective and knowledge of the
area of responsibility, key issues, and regional players.
addition, the SJFHQ must have its own command, control, communications,
computers, and intelligence equipment.