22 June 2004
Terrorists Killed 625 People in 2003, Revised State Report Says
Total international terrorist attacks rose to
208 in 2003
There were 208 international terrorist attacks in 2003, up slightly
from 205 attacks recorded the year before, according to revised
statistics released by the U.S. Department of State June 22.
In addition, the revised report indicated that 625 people were
killed last year, compared with 725 killed during 2002. The statistics
are compiled by the newly created Terrorist Threat Integration
Center (TTIC) and the State Department's Office for Counterterrorism,
with information from the intelligence community and from U.S.
embassies and posts worldwide.
Ambassador Cofer Black, the State Department's coordinator for
counterterrorism, said that, more significantly, there were 3,646
people wounded in terrorist incidents in 2003, compared with 2,013
people wounded in 2002.
"The increase reflects the numerous indiscriminate attacks during
2003 on 'soft targets,' such as places of worship, hotels, and
commercial districts, intended to produce mass casualties," the
The department acknowledged on June 10 that some of its statistics
(originally released in April) were inaccurate, and that, after
a careful review, were revised, Secretary of State Colin Powell
said during a briefing in Washington. The annual Patterns of Global
Terrorism report, which is mandated by federal law and submitted
to Congress, was initially released April 28.
"The numbers were off," Powell said. "We have identified how we
have to do this in the future."
Powell said the initial report was not an effort to make U.S.
counterterrorism efforts appear better or worse. He said that U.S.
Representative Henry Waxman, a Democrat from California, and his
staff initially brought the errors to the attention of the department.
The corrected report indicated that 35 U.S. citizens were killed
in terrorist attacks last year. Nine Americans were killed in the
deadliest attack in a suicide bombing in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,
May 12, 2003.
According to the revised report, geographically there were 80
terrorist attacks in Asia in 2003, 67 in the Middle East, 33 in
Western Europe, 20 in Latin America, six in Africa, two in Eurasia,
and none in North America.
The complete Patterns of Global Terrorism report that has been
revised may be found on the Internet at http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/pgtrpt/2003/.
Following is the text of the Year in Review (Revised):
Patterns of Global Terrorism
Released by the Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism
June 22, 2004
The Year in Review (Revised)
There were 208 acts of international terrorism in 2003, a slight
increase from the most recently published figure of 198 attacks
in 2002 [revised to 205], and a 42 percent drop from the level
in 2001 of 355 attacks. A total of 625 persons were killed in the
attacks of 2003, fewer than the 725 killed during 2002. A total
of 3,646 persons were wounded in the attacks that occurred in 2003,
a sharp increase from 2,013 persons wounded the year before. This
increase reflects the numerous indiscriminate attacks during 2003
on "soft targets," such as places of worship, hotels, and commercial
districts, intended to produce mass casualties.
Thirty-five U.S. citizens died in international terrorist attacks
-- Michael Rene Pouliot was killed on 21 January in Kuwait, when
a gunman fired at his vehicle that had halted at a stoplight.
-- Thomas Janis was murdered by Revolutionary Armed Forces of
Colombia (FARC) terrorists on 13 February in Colombia. Mr. Janis
was the pilot of a plane that crashed in the jungle. He and a Colombian
service member were wounded in the crash; the terrorists shot them
when they were discovered. Three U.S. citizen passengers on the
plane -- Keith Stansell, Marc D. Gonsalves, and Thomas R. Howes
-- were kidnapped and are still being held hostage as of June 2004
by the FARC.
-- William Hyde was killed on 4 March in Davao, Philippines, when
a bomb hidden in a backpack exploded in a crowded airline terminal.
Twenty other persons died, and 149 were wounded. The Moro Islamic
Liberation Front (MILF) denies any connection to the suspected
bomber, who claimed he was a MILF member.
-- Abigail Elizabeth Litle was killed on 5 March, when a suicide
bomber boarded a bus in Haifa, Israel, and detonated an explosive
-- Rabbi Elnatan Eli Horowitz and his wife, Debra Ruth Horowitz,
were killed on 7 March when a Palestinian gunman opened fire on
them as they were eating dinner in the settlement of Kiryat Arba.
-- The deadliest anti-U.S. attack occurred in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,
on 12 May, when suicide bombers in booby-trapped cars filled with
explosives drove into the Vinnell, Jadewel and Al-Hamra housing
compounds, killing nine U.S. citizens. Killed at the Vinnell compound
were: Obaidah Yusuf Abdullah, Todd Michael Blair, Jason Eric Bentley,
James Lee Carpenter II, Herman Diaz, Alex Jackson, Quincy Lee Knox,
and Clifford J. Lawson. Mohammed Atef Al Kayyaly was killed at
the Al-Hamra compound.
-- Alan Beer and Bertin Joseph Tita were killed on 11 June in
a bus bombing near Klal Center on Jaffa Road near Jerusalem.
-- Howard Craig Goldstein was killed in a shooting attack near
the West Bank settlement of Ofra on 20 June.
-- Fred Bryant, a civilian contractor, was killed on 5 August
in Tikrit, Iraq, when his car ran over an improvised explosive
-- Three U.S. citizens were among the victims of a deadly truck
bombing of the U.N. headquarters in Baghdad's Canal Hotel on 19
August. They were Arthur Helton, Richard Hooper, and Martha Teas.
U.N. Special Representative Sergio Vieira de Mello was also among
the 23 fatalities.
-- Five U.S. citizens were killed in Jerusalem on 19 August, when
a suicide bomber riding on a bus detonated explosives attached
to his body. They were Goldy Zarkowsky, Eli Zarkowsky, Mordechai
Reinitz, Yessucher Dov Reinitz, and Tehilla Nathansen. Fifteen
other persons were killed and 140 [were] wounded in the attack.
-- Dr. David Applebaum and his daughter, Naava Applebaum, were
killed on 9 September in a bombing at the Cafe Hillel in Jerusalem.
-- Three U.S. citizens were killed on 15 October in the Gaza Strip
as their U.S. Embassy Tel Aviv motorcade was struck by a roadside
bomb. They were John Branchizio, Mark T. Parson, and John Martin
Linde, Jr. All three were security contractors to the U.S. Embassy.
-- Lieutenant Colonel Charles H. Buehring was killed on 26 October
in Baghdad during a rocket-propelled grenade attack on the Al-Rasheed
Hotel. Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul D. Wolfowitz was staying
at the hotel at the time of the attack.
-- Two U.S. citizens, William Carlson and Christopher Glenn Mueller,
were killed in an ambush by armed militants in Shkin, Afghanistan,
on 27 October. Both were U.S. government contract workers.
Note: As new information becomes available, revisions are made
to previously published statistics. The current running total for
international terrorist incidents in 2002 is 205.