Some Afghan officials attending an international donor conference in Berlin had
expressed concern that the war in Iraq would drain international resources from
the reconstruction of their own country. But, the reality has turned out to be
Afghan officials and some Western experts had predicted that the war in Iraq
would siphon attention, money, and help away from Afghanistan. But, as Barnett
Rubin, a leading Afghan expert at New York University's Center on International
Cooperation says, such predictions have not quite turned out the way officials
"That hasn't happened in quite such a simple way," he said. "I think that
as those predictions were made, the Bush administration has made efforts not
to make them true. And in addition, many countries who objected to the invasion
of Iraq have wanted to continue to show their solidarity with the war against
al-Qaida, the people who actually carried out September 11, which Saddam Hussein
did not, by supporting the effort in Afghanistan."
Iraq and Afghanistan both face major reconstruction efforts. Teresita Schaffer,
former U.S. deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asia, says Afghan
officials are looking for the same level of international spending in their
country as is being expended in Iraq.
"Part of it inevitably is looking slightly to the west and seeing the sums
of money being proposed for rebuilding Iraq. And there's some sense that Afghanistan,
which is not that dissimilar in its physical size, should be playing in the
big leagues and should be able to command very substantial sums of money," he
Analysts say some countries, especially in Europe, see helping Afghanistan
as a kind of backhanded protest against the U.S. effort in Iraq.
James Phillips, a research fellow at the Heritage Foundation, says European
countries opposed to U.S. intervention in Iraq can help Afghanistan while still
demonstrating their commitment to the anti-terrorist effort.
"Europeans are much more willing to step forward and help in Afghanistan,
especially in terms of foreign aid or financial aid, than they are in Iraq," he
said. "And they actually may be tempted to increase aid to Afghanistan over
and above what they might have in order to show that they're still an important
part of the alliance against terrorism."
In the aftermath of the terrorist attack in Spain on March 11, the incoming
government announced it would withdraw its contingent from Iraq, but would
increase its troop presence in Afghanistan.
Mr. Phillips of the Heritage Foundation says the seven new former communist
states that were just inducted into NATO may be more inclined to help in both
Iraq and Afghanistan than would longtime member states like Germany and France.
"The new tier of NATO allies is much more appreciative of their own political
freedoms and therefore are much more willing to sacrifice to help other people
recover their political freedom," he said. "And I think they would be more
willing to participate in peacekeeping operations in Iraq or Afghanistan than
some of the older NATO allies."
NATO leads the international peacekeeping force that keeps order in the Afghan
capital Kabul, and is expected to play a major role in security for the first
post-Taleban elections, now re-scheduled for September.