The Pentagon has decided to scrap
plans for an on-line Internet voting system for U.S. military personnel and Americans
living abroad. The system had come under fire from experts who said it could
be vulnerable to computer attacks.
The decision to cancel the computer voting project was made by Deputy Defense
Secretary Paul Wolfowitz.
Pentagon officials say he ordered the system scrapped because of an inability
to ensure the legitimacy of the votes that would be cast.
The congressionally-mandated ballot project was called SERVE, which stands
for Secure Electronic Registration and Voting Experiment.
In the 2004 election year, it was to have been tested by an estimated 100,000
absentee voters, most of them military personnel, registered to cast ballots
in several U.S. states. A Pentagon spokesman, Glenn Flood, said last month
the system could be used during some of this year's late primary contests and
would definitely be used in the November election.
But four computer security experts said last month in an independent report
that the system should be scrapped because it was, in their view, too vulnerable
to computer attack.
They said weaknesses in the system could jeopardize voter privacy and allow
votes to be altered and even election results to be tampered with. They said
there were far too many opportunities for hackers or even terrorists to interfere
with fair and accurate voting.
At the time the Pentagon brushed aside the warning. Spokesman Glenn Flood
acknowledged there was no such thing as 100 percent security on the Internet.
But he said the experts' bottom line, to be safe, don't do it,- was unacceptable.
He also said the experts' concerns were well-known and predicted they would
Despite the Pentagon's change of mind, officials say the Defense Department
will still look into the technical aspects of casting ballots by the Internet
in hopes another, more suitable system can be devised.
A small-scale test of computer voting was conducted in the 2000 election
by a small number of mainly military personnel registered to vote in four states.
In the past there have been frequent complaints that absentee voters, especially
military personnel and Americans living abroad, have faced unusual difficulties
in casting ballots, with some effectively disenfranchised because of mail problems
or their military assignments.