Pirate attacks on the high seas are on the increase worldwide and getting deadlier,
with the most dangerous waters surrounding Indonesia.
The London-based International Maritime Bureau says 2003 saw the second-
highest number of pirate attacks recorded worldwide since the agency started
compiling statistics in 1991.
In its annual report, the bureau says there were 445 attacks on ships and
other vessels - up 20 percent from 2002. Twenty one sailors were killed. More
than double the year before. More than 120 people were hurt or injured and
71 crewmembers or passengers remain missing and are presumed dead.
The Maritime Bureau also notes methods used by pirates have become more ruthless,
with more guns be used and more kidnappings for ransom occurring.
The report expresses particular concern over more tankers being targeted.
Terrorism experts worry these vessels, which often carry dangerous cargo, could
be used as a bomb in a terrorist attack. In one recent incident, an oil tanker
nearing the Singapore Straits sailed unmanned for nearly an hour after armed
pirates tied up the crew and looted items from the ship.
The International Maritime Bureau says waters off Indonesia are the most
hazardous, particularly in the Strait of Malacca - the world's busiest shipping
lane. Bangladesh ranked second and Nigeria followed third in terms of piracy
The report called on Indonesian authorities to step up vigilance against
piracy, saying efforts to stem piracy in Indonesia could "dramatically change
the situation in Southeast Asia."
The bureau did commend a handful of countries for effective law enforcement
reducing pirate attacks. It says progress was made in Malaysia, Cameroon, Ecuador,
Gabon, Guyana, Ivory Coast, and Thailand.