30 July 2003
Cuban Espionage Activities Against the United States
State Dept. highlights several recent incidents
The U.S. Department of State issued a fact sheet on July 30, examining
Cuba's history of espionage against the United States and outlining
several examples of recent anti-U.S. spying by Cuban agents. These
incidents are simply the latest evidence that the regime of Cuban
dictator Fidel Castro "has long targeted the United States for
intensive espionage activities," the State Department said.
Following is the text of the fact sheet, with further details:
(begin fact sheet)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
July 30, 2003
The Castro regime has long targeted the United States for intensive
espionage activities. Castro himself told CNN in an interview in
1998: "Yes, we have sometimes dispatched Cuban citizens to the
United States to infiltrate counter-revolutionary organizations,
to inform us about activities that are of great interest to us.
I think we have a right to do this."
-- Ana Montes, a Defense Intelligence Agency analyst, confessed
to spying for Cuba for 16 years (from 1985 to the time of her arrest
on September 21, 2001). Among other highly damaging actions, she
gave the Cuban Government the names of four U.S. covert intelligence
officers working in Cuba and gathered writings, documents, and
materials for unlawful delivery to the Government of Cuba.
-- Seven Cuban spies, the so-called Wasp Network, were convicted
of or confessed to espionage or related crimes in June and September
2001. The group sought to infiltrate U.S. Southern Command headquarters.
One was convicted for delivering a message to the Cuban Government
that contributed to the death of four fliers from Brothers to the
Rescue who were shot down in 1996 by Cuban MiGs in international
-- An INS official, provided information in 2000 in a sting operation,
thereafter passed the information to a business associate with
ties to Cuban intelligence. As a corollary to this case, two Cuban
diplomats were expelled from the United States for espionage activities.
-- Over a 15-year period from 1983 to 1998, 15 members of the
Cuban mission to the United Nations were expelled for espionage
activities, including three who were handlers for the Wasp Network
-- Cuban spies have also found considerable success penetrating
U.S.-based exile groups. A notable example is that of Juan Pablo
Roque, a former MiG-23 pilot who defected to the United States
in 1992, became a paid source for the FBI, and joined the ranks
of the Brothers to the Rescue (BTTR). He re-defected back to Cuba
just days after the early 1996 BTTR shoot down, denouncing the
exile group on Cuban television and accusing it of planning terrorist
attacks against Cuba and Castro.
-- A similar example involves the case of Jose Rafael Fernandez
Brenes, who jumped ship from a Cuban merchant vessel in 1988. From
1988-1991, he helped establish and run the U.S. Government-financed
TV Marti, whose signal was jammed from its inception in March 1990,
due in part to frequency and technical data provided by Fernandez
(end fact sheet)