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30 April 2003

International Terrorists Killed 30 U.S. Citizens in 2002

(Total number of terrorist attacks fell 44 percent) (810)

"International terrorists conducted 199 attacks in 2002, a significant
drop (44 percent) from the 355 attacks recorded during 2001," the
State Department's annual "Patterns of Global Terrorism" report says.

In addition, the number of anti-U.S. attacks totaled 77, down 65
percent from the previous year's total of 219. Much of the substantial
decline in terrorist attacks against U.S. targets was accounted for by
a sharp drop in oil pipeline bombings in Colombia, which totaled 41 in
2002 compared to 178 in 2001, the report said.

A total of thirty U.S. citizens were killed worldwide in terrorist
attacks during 2002, according to the report.

Following is the text of the report's introduction:

(begin text)

U.S. Department of State
Washington, D.C.
April 30, 2003

The Year in Review

International terrorists conducted 199 attacks in 2002, a significant
drop (44 percent) from the 355 attacks recorded during 2001. A total
of 725 persons were killed in last year's attacks, far fewer than the
3,295 persons killed the previous year, which included the thousands
of fatalities resulting from the September 11 attacks in New York,
Washington, and Pennsylvania.

A total of 2,013 persons were wounded by terrorists in 2002, down from
the 2,283 persons wounded the year before.

The number of anti-U.S. attacks was 77, down 65 percent from the
previous year's total of 219. The main reason for the decrease was the
sharp drop in oil pipeline bombings in Colombia (41 last year,
compared to 178 in 2001).

Thirty U.S. citizens were killed in terrorist attacks last year:

-- On 15 January, terrorists in Bayt Sahur, West Bank, attacked a
vehicle carrying two persons, killing one and wounding the other. The
individual killed, Avi Boaz, held dual U.S.-Israeli citizenship. The
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility.

-- On 23 January, Daniel Pearl, the Wall Street Journal's South Asia
bureau chief was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan. On 21 February, it
was learned that he had been murdered.

-- On 31 January, two hikers on the slopes of the Pinatubo volcano in
the Philippines were attacked by militants. One of the hikers, U.S.
citizen Brian Thomas Smith, was killed.

-- On 16 February, a suicide bomber detonated a device at a pizzeria
in Karnei Shomron in the West Bank, killing four persons and wounding
27 others. Two U.S. citizens -- Keren Shatsky, and Rachel Donna Thaler
-- were among the dead. The Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine claimed responsibility.

-- On 14 March, two U.S. citizens, Jaime Raul and Jorge Alberto
Orjuela, were murdered in Cali, Colombia, by motorcycle-riding gunmen.

-- On 17 March, grenades were thrown into a Protestant church in
Islamabad, Pakistan, killing five persons including two U.S. citizens,
Barbara Green and Kristen Wormsley.

-- On 27 March, a HAMAS homicide bomber entered the crowded restaurant
of a hotel in Netanya, Israel, and detonated a bomb, killing 22
persons, including one U.S. citizen, Hannah Rogen.

-- On 7 June, U.S. citizen Martin Burnham, who along with his wife,
Gracia, had been held hostage for more than a year in the Philippines
by the Abu Sayyaf Group, was killed as Philippine military units on a
rescue mission engaged the terrorists in a firefight. Gracia Burnham
was wounded.

-- On 31 July, a bomb planted by HAMAS terrorists exploded at Hebrew
University in Jerusalem, killing nine persons and wounding 87 others.
Among the dead were five U.S. citizens -- Benjamin Blutstein, Marla
Bennett, Diane Leslie Carter, Janis Ruth Coulter, and David Gritz.

-- On 8 October, in Failaka Island, Kuwait, gunmen attacked U.S.
soldiers conducting a live-fire exercise, killing one Marine, Lance
Cpl. Antonio J. Sledd.

-- The worst terrorist attack since September 11 occurred on 12
October at a resort in Bali, Indonesia, when a car bomb exploded in a
busy tourist area filled with nightclubs, cafes, and bars. The attack
killed over 200 persons from two dozen nations. Seven U.S. citizens
died: Deborah Lea Snodgrass, Karri Casner, Jacob Young, Steven
Webster, George "Joe" Milligan, Megan Heffernan, and Robert McCormick.

-- One U.S. citizen, Sandy Alan Booker, died in the Moscow theater
attack on 23 October as Russian commandos attempted to rescue 800
hostages held for three days by Chechen terrorists.

-- On 28 October, a gunman in Amman, Jordan, shot and killed Laurence
Foley, a senior administrator of the U.S. Agency for International
Development, as he was leaving his home for work.

-- On 21 November in Sidon, Lebanon, an office manager/nurse at a
church-run health facility, U.S. citizen Bonnie Denise Witherall, was
killed by a gunman.

-- Three U.S. citizens, Kathleen Gariety, William Koehn, and Martha
Myers, were murdered on 30 December by a gunman who stormed a Baptist
missionary hospital in Yemen and opened fire.

(end text)

(Distributed by the Office of International Information Programs, U.S.
Department of State. Web site: http://usinfo.state.gov)