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'War is a vital matter of state. It is the field on which life or death is determined and the road that leads to either survival or ruin, and must be examined with greatest care. '

Sun Tzu, The Art of Warfare

Essential Documents

The National Security Strategy of the United States of America 2006, March 2006

National Defense Strategy of the United States of America, [1.7 MB] March 2005

Towards An American Way of War, Antulio J. Echevarria II, SSI, March 2004

FM 7-100 Opposing Force Doctrinal Framework and Strategy, [2 MB] 01 May 2003

The National Security Strategy of the United States of America 2002, 'President Bush has crafted a new national security strategy that essentially abandons concepts of deterrence -- which dominated defense policies during the Cold War years -- for a forward-reaching, pre-emptive strategy against hostile states and terrorist groups, while also expanding development assistance and free trade, promoting democracy, fighting disease, and transforming the U.S. military.'

Overview of the US National Security Structure, Joint Chiefs of Staff

Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986

Annual Defense Report

The Annual Report to the President and the Congress, commonly referred to as the Annual Defense Report, details how the Department of Defense built its capabilities and is working to maintain them in the future. In addition to fulfilling a statutory requirement, specifically U.S.C. Title 10, the Secretary of Defense's Annual Defense Report is widely distributed and serves as a basic reference document for those interested in national defense issues and programs. So that it may be presented in an open forum, this report is unclassified.

2003 Report Annual Report to the President and the Congress
Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld

2002 Report Annual Report to the President and the Congress, Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld

2001 Report Annual Report to the President and the Congress,
Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen

Strategy Keytexts

Shock and Awe: Achieving Rapid Dominance written by
Harlan K. Ullman and James P. Wade with: L.A. "Bud" Edney, Fred M. Franks, Charles A. Horner, Jonathan T. Howe, and Keith Brendley, NDU Press Book, December 1996

The Art of War - Sun Tzu

On War - Clausewitz

The Prince by Nicolo Machiavelli Written c. 1505


Chinese Military Power 2004,DOD, May 2004

Fiscal Year 2005 National Defense Authorization Budget Request from the Department of Defense Hearing, House Armed Services Committee, February 2004

The Air & Space Power Course is a self-paced, interactive course. The course allows students to develop a broad comprehension of air and space power principles, concepts, and applications. While the course was originally designed to prepare Air Force officers in joint duty assignments to better articulate and advocate air and space power principles and beliefs, the course material is relevant to airmen of all ranks and assignments.
Clausewitz’s Center of Gravity, It’s Not What We Thought by Lieutenant Colonel Antulio J. Echevarria II, U.S. Army, Naval War College Review 2003 Winter

Clausewitz's Center of Gravity: Changing our Warfighting Doctrine -- again! by Antulio J. Echevarria II, September 2002

Center of Gravity – Still Relevant After All These Years by LTC Christopher W. Fowler, Strategy Research Project, April 2002

Effects-Based Operations: Theory, Application and the Role of Airpower by Lieutenant Colonel Brett T. Williams, Strategy Research Project, April 2002

Effects-based operations: A new Operational Model? by Allen W. Batschelet, Strategy Research Project, April 2002

On Politics and Airpower by LtCol Bradley J Smith, USAF, Strategy Research Project, April 2002

Nuclear Deterrence in the Third Millennium by Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Durr Jr., Strategy Research Project, April 2002

Comparing Strategies of the 2d Punic War: Rome’s Strategic Victory Over the Tactical/Operational Genius, Hannibal Barca by James Parker, Strategy Research Project, April 2001

Peacekeeping and the Just War Tradition by Major Tony Pfaff, Strategic Studies Institute United States Army War College, September 2000

Perspectives - Conflict Between And Within States - Report #2000/06
published in August 2000 (© Canadian Security Intelligence Service)

China in the Ascendancy: A Growing Threat to U.S. Security? [714K] in National Security Report Vol. 4, Issue, 2 May 2000 by the US House Armed Services Committee

: What the Chinese Learned from Sun-tzu by Colleen K. Holmes, Strategy Research Project, April 2000

Kosovo After-Action Review - Joint Statement of William Cohen, Secretary of Defense and General Henry H. Shelton, Chairman of the JCS to the Senate Armed Service Committee, October 14, 1999

A Quick Look at Wargames by Anton Coetzee


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Academic & NGO


The Royal British Legion 'The legion was formed in 1921 and is the nation's premier ex-service charity, dedicated to caring for men and women who have served in the armed forces - and their dependents.'

The Chatham House Forum
'The Chatham House Forum is a club through which public and private sector organisations look forward to the 2010-20 period.'

Department of War Studies, King's College, London 'The Department is unique in its provision of an inter- disciplinary study of war as a human phenomenon. Within the Department a remarkable diversity of opinion can be found reflecting both the complexity and difficulty of the issues raised by war, as well as the varying backgrounds of our students and staff. We have successfully brought together serving officers with CND activists, conservatives and radicals, those passionately engaged in a particular subject matter and those who are seeking an excellent broad education and skills base within the Humanities.'

The Global Site 'Begun as a personal site in February 2000, the global site has now been relaunched as an interdisciplinary portal for critical and global social science, with a new editorial board and international advisory board.'

ISN - International Relations and Security Network 'is an initiative designed to promote the free flow of unclassified information and to facilitate cooperation through training and education using modern information technology. The ISN consists of a range of high-quality services for people working in international relations and security policy. These services include news bulletins and backgrounds on current events, a limited area search service, annotated links directories, research reports and publications, distance learning modules, educational and training activities, and conferences and seminars. The ISN's main objective is to promote networking, dialogue and cooperation in the international security community, focussing on the Partnership for Peace region.'

Social Science Information Gateway 'The Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) aims to provide a trusted source of selected, high quality Internet information for researchers and practitioners in the social sciences, business and law. It is part of the UK Resource Discovery Network.'


'a nonprofit public service research institute committed to strengthening both public and private institutions against potential threats from state and non-state actors. It is our belief that the 21st century will present the American people with far different national security challenges than the 20th century. Specifically, the proliferation of technology suggests the future likelihood of biological, cyber, chemical, nuclear or powerful conventional attacks against the US homeland.'

Center for Defense Information 'An independent monitor of the military, the Center for Defense Information is a private,nongovernmental, research organization. Its directors and staff believe that strong social, economic,political, and military components and a healthy environment contribute equally to the nation's security. CDI provides independent analysis in the form of research papers, educational videos, and free e-mail and printed newsletters.'

Federation of American Scientists (FAS) nonprofit organization founded in 1945 as the Federation of Atomic Scientists. The founders were members of the Manhattan Project, creators of the atom bomb and deeply concerned about the implications of its use for the future of humankind.

The John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies The John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies was founded July 1, 1989. It is an autonomous entity within the framework of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and is the result of an expansion and institutionalization of the Center's program in national security studies.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis.

Military, Government and International Organisation 


Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe 'The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe is a regional security organization whose 55 participating States are from Europe, Central Asia and North America. The OSCE has been established as a primary instrument for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation under Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations.'

UK Ministry of Defence the official MoD website

North America

US Defense Link 'is the official web site for the US Department of Defense and the starting point for finding U.S. military information online'

North American Aerospace Defense Command
'(NORAD) is a binational United States and Canadian organization charged with the missions of aerospace warning and aerospace control for North America. Aerospace warning includes the monitoring of man-made objects in space, and the detection, validation, and warning of attack against North America whether by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, utilizing mutual support arrangements with other commands.'

War, Peace and Security Server  'Links to resources on arms control, international relations, military history, and national and international security. Maintained by the Information Resource Centre at the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College in Toronto, Canada.'


North Atlantic Treaty Organization 'The North Atlantic Treaty was signed in Washington on 4 April 1949, creating an alliance of 12 independent nations committed to each other's defence. Four more European nations later acceded to the Treaty between 1952 and 1982. The North Atlantic Treaty has continued to guarantee the security of its member countries ever since'

United Nations 'The United Nations was established on 24 October 1945 by 51 countries committed to preserving peace through international cooperation and collective security. Today, nearly every nation in the world belongs to the UN: membership now totals 189 countries.'

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