Air University Student Research Paper 1997
Title: International Law: How it Affects Rules of Engagement
and Responses in Information Warfare?
Subject: Study the rules of engagement for information warfare.
Author(s): Robert D. Miller; Michael R. Foster (Faculty Advisor)
DTIC Keywords: ELECTRONIC WARFARE, INTERNATIONAL LAW
Abstract: The importance of reliable, timely information to the
success of military operations, while precluding an adversary from accessing
information, has been known since wars began. Today, a combination of
electronic devices, such as computers and sensors, are creating an "information
age" that redefines how we conduct military operations. A major challenge
to decision makers and military leaders is to understand the impact of
international laws in the information age and its influence on rules of
engagement (ROE), and response development. By all accounts, our dependence
on information and information systems will continue to grow along with
technological advances, enhancing our own command, control, communications,
computer, and information capabilities, while also increasing our vulnerabilities.
As a result, a key issue our decision makers and military leaders must
be aware of concerns the legal considerations in using IW and in responding
to IW threats and attacks. Developers of our ROE must provide the guidance
for legally, appropriately responding to IW attacks, while ensuring the
right to self-defense. Our leaders must also devise appropriate response
options against foreign powers conducting IW operations against the US.
We must base responses on the level of threat to our national interests,
while considering intent, international law, and elements such as proportionality
and necessity inherent in the Law of Armed Conflict.