Air University Student Research Paper 1996
Title:  Information Operations: Wisdom Warfare for 2025
Subject: A future study on concepts and technologies to
exploit information in the year 2025 and beyond.
Author(s): Gary C. Bender; Edward F. Murphy; Larry J. Schaefer;
Michael M. Shepard; Eduardo L. Vargas (Faculty Advisor); Charles
W. Williamson III
DTIC Keywords: ADAPTIVE TRAINING, AIR FORCE RESEARCH, AIR
POWER, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, AUTOMATIC VOICE NETWORK, COMPUTER
NETWORKS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, CORPORATE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT,
DECISION AIDS, DECISION MAKING, DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS, DECISION
THEORY, GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INFORMATION EXCHANGE,
INFORMATION PROCESSING, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, INFORMATION SCIENCES,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INFORMATION THEORY, INFORMATION TRANSFER, KNOWLEDGE
BASED SYSTEMS, MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS, MILITARY OPERATIONS,
MILITARY RESEARCH, MILITARY RESEARCH, MILITARY TRAINING, OPERATIONS
RESEARCH, OPERATIONS RESEARCH, SIMULATION, SPACE SYSTEMS, SPACE
TECHNOLOGY, TECHNOLOGY FORECASTING, THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, TRAINING,
TRAINING DEVICES, TRAINING GEAR, VIRTUAL REALITY
Abstract: The thesis of this paper is that a robust information
operations architecture can provide leaders dominant battlespace
knowledge and tools for improved decision making.
US armed forces in 2025 need an information operations system that
generates products and services that are timely, reliable, relevant,
and tailored to each user's needs. The products must come from systems
that are secure, redundant, survivable, transportable, adaptable,
deception resistant, capable of fusing vast amount of data, and
capable of forecasting.
The information operations architecture of 2025 proposed in this
paper consists of thousands of widely distributed nodes, performing
the full range of collection, data fusion, analysis, and command
functions, all linked together through a robust networking system.
Data will be collected, organized into usable information, analyzed
and assimilated, and displayed in a form that enhances the military
decision maker's understanding of the situation. The architecture
will also apply modeling, simulation, and forecasting tools to help
commanders make sound choices for employing military force. This
architecture allows the US armed forces to conduct Wisdom Warfare.
The system can be used by the commander-in-chief, unit commander,
supervisor, or technician. Somewhere in the work place, in a vehicle,
or on the person there will be a link to the sensors, transmitters,
receivers, storage devices, and transformation systems that will
provide, in push or pull fashion, all the synthesized information
needed to accomplish the mission or task. Information will be presented
in a variety of forms selected by the user.
To realize this capability in 2025, America's armed forces will
have to alter the way they do business. Doctrinal and organizational
changes will have to overcome institutional biases and orchestrate
the development of an open architecture. The commercial market's
lead in information technology development must be leveraged. New
approaches to computing, as well as advancements in processing speeds
and capacity, artificial intelligence (AI), software development,
and networking must be investigated. In addition, research on human
decision making processes, human system integration and display
technology must be fostered.
To win in 2025, the armed forces of the United States will require
an information operations architecture that uses information better
and faster than its adversaries. This architecture must be effective
across the spectrum of military operations and in any alternate
future. To achieve this feasible system by 2025, America must begin
to commit its time and money.