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WHAT IS INFORMATION WARFARE?

MARTIN LIBICKI

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY

ACIS Paper 3

August 1995


A popular Government, without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a Prologue to a Farce or a Tragedy; or perhaps both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; And a people who mean to be their own Governors, must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.

JAMES MADISON to W. T. BARRY

August 4, 1822


Contents

Copyright Information

Preface

Is There an Elephant?

Seven Forms in Search of a Function

Command-and-Control Warfare

Intelligence-Based Warfare

Electronic Warfare

Psychological Warfare

Hacker Warfare

Economic Information Warfare

Cyber Warfare

Summary

Looking for the Elephant