Joint Task Force - Computer Network Operations
Subject to the authority and direction of the commander,
U.S. Strategic Command, JTF-CNO will, in conjunction with the
unified commands, services and DOD agencies, coordinate and direct
the defense of DOD computer systems and networks; coordinate
and, when directed, conduct computer network attack in support of combatant
commanders' and national objectives.
The Joint Task Force-Computer Network Operations
(JTF-CNO) is Strategic Command's operational component for Computer
Network Operations (CNO), and supports USSTRATCOM Commander in the
integration of Computer Network Defense and Computer Network Attack
capabilities into the operations of U.S. military forces. Computer
Network Operations are comprised of two specific yet complementary
mission areas: Computer Network Defense (CND) and Computer Network
The CND mission is to defend DOD computer networks
and systems from any unauthorized event whether it be a probe, scan,
virus incident, or intrusion. The CNA mission is to coordinate,
support and conduct, at the direction of the president, computer network
attack operations in support of regional and national objectives.
Joint Task Force-Computer Network Defense (JTF-CND)
reached initial operational capability on Dec. 30, 1998 after exercises
and real-world events demonstrated the need for a single coordinating
agency with the authority to direct actions necessary for the protection
of the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII).
Under the Unified Command Plan 1999 (UCP 99), effective
Oct. 1, 1999, the President assigned the CND mission to the U.S. Space
Command (USSPACECOM), with the JTF-CND as the subordinate command responsible
for executing CND operations.
UCP-99 also designated USSPACECOM as the military
lead for Computer Network Attack (CNA) effective Oct. 1, 2000. The
USSPACECOM Deputy Director of Operations-Computer Network Attack (DDO-CNA)
served as the initial focal point for the CNA mission.
In December 2000, USCINCSPACE directed his staff
to assess the feasibility of combining specific aspects of CND and
CNA under a single operational commander.
The intent behind the consolidation was to operationalize
CND and CNA and fully integrate those capabilities with air, land,
sea and space forces across the full spectrum of conflict. Effective
April 2, 2001, JTF-CND was re-designated Joint Task Force-Computer
Network Operations (JTF-CNO). Effective Oct. 1, 2002, JTF-CNO was assigned
to the commander, U.S. Strategic Command.
The JTF-CNO components are the US Army's 1st Information
Operations Command (LAND) (1ST IOC[L]), formerly known as the Land
Information Warfare Activity (LIWA); Marine Forces-Integrated Network
Operations (MARFOR-INO); Navy Component Task Force-Computer Network
Defense (NCTF-CND); Air Force Forces-Computer Network Operations (AFFOR-CNO);
and DISA's DOD Computer Emergency Response Team (DOD CERT).
JTF-CNO maintains watch 24 hours per day, seven
days a week, and is located in Arlington, Va. It is colocated
with the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) Global Network Operations
and Security Center (GNOSC) to optimize the commander, JTF-CNO's ability
to monitor the status of DOD information networks and conduct operations
across the defense information infrastructure.
For the CND mission, the JTF-CNO leverages the existing intrusion detection
capabilities of the unified commands, its components, and DOD and non-DOD agencies.
The JTF-CNO receives intrusion data from these sources and then fuses this
critical information along with ongoing operational missions, and intelligence
and technical data into a "big picture" synopsis of the incident.
With this correlated information, the JTF-CNO assesses
the impact to network operations and military operations, identifies
courses of action that will restore the network, coordinates the necessary
actions with the appropriate DOD or non-DOD organizations, prepares
a plan to execute and, with approval, executes that order. The
JTF-CNO can direct appropriate actions through its four military service
components and the DOD CERT.
For the CNA mission, the JTF-CNO is responsible
for ensuring that CNA capabilities can be efficiently employed in support
of U.S. National Security objectives. The JTF-CNO, along with
the USSTRATCOM staff, services, other combatant commanders, and defense
agencies, is working to develop and implement comprehensive policies,
structures, roles and missions for computer network operations. The
initial U.S. Strategic Command concept of operations calls for the
supported commander, assisted by the JTF-CNO, to integrate service-provided
forces into military plans and operations. USSTRATCOM will coordinate
the use of all DOD CNA assets for the supported commander.
The JTF-CNO is currently authorized 122 positions.
JTF-CNO operates on a projected yearly budget of
about $26 million.
Current as of February 2003
See also U.S. Strategic Commands
Joint Information Operations Center (JIOC)