(NCIX) Potential Indicators of Threats Involving Weapons of Mass
Destruction (WMD) and Emergency Actions
Dear Friends and Colleagues:
The following information,
recently received from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, is
forwarded for your information. It may be further
disseminated without restriction in any manner you chose.
of Threats Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and Emergency
This document is intended
to provide general information to assist in efforts to recognize
WMD-related threats or incidents. The information is not all encompassing,
and its applicability should
be evaluated on a case-by-case basis, in accordance with local
conditions, policies, and procedures.
and radiological material can be dispersed in the air we breath,
the water we
drink, or on surfaces we physically contact. Dispersion methods
could include placing an open container
in a heavily used area, using conventional (garden)/commercial
spray devices, or detonating an improvised explosive device
to disseminate chemical, biological or radiological material.
are characterized by the rapid onset of medical symptoms (minutes
to hours) and easily
observed signatures (colored residue, dead foliage, pungent order,
and dead insect and animal life). In
the case of a biological or radiological incident, the onset of
symptoms requires days to weeks and there
are typically few characteristic signatures.
In all cases, being
alert to the following could assist law enforcement and emergency
evaluating potential threats.
OF WMD THREATS OR INCIDENTS
a. Unusual packages
or containers, especially those found in unlikely or sensitive
locations, such as
near HVAC or air intake systems.
b. Unusual powders
or liquids/droplets/mists/clouds, especially those found near
Indications of tampering in targeted areas/equipment (i.e.,
locked ventilation/HVAC systems; stocks of
food; water supply).
c. Reports of
suspicious person(s) or activities, especially those involving
within or around a building.
of targeted areas, including but not limited to hotels, entertainment
systems, aircraft; water sources, office buildings, apartment
e. Theft of
Dead animals/birds, fish, or insects.
odors. Smells may range from fruity/flowery to sharp/pungent,
garlic/horseradish-like, bitter almonds, peach kernels, and new
spraying or discovery of spray devices or bottles.
a heightened sense of awareness.
b. Place an
increased emphasis on the security of immediate surroundings.
c. Conduct periodic
inspections of building facilities and HVAC systems for potential
d. Review emergency
operations and evacuation plans/procedures for all locations/organizations
ensure that plans are up to date.
report suspicious activities to appropriate law enforcement authorities.
- POTENTIAL THREAT IDENTIFIED/CONFIRMED
a safe distance/evacuate area (if outside move to upwind location;
if inside keep outside
b. Call your
local 911 (law enforcement and public safety personnel) after
reaching safe area. Do not
handle or disturb suspicious objects.
c. Remove possibly
contaminated external clothing (including hats, shoes, gloves).
d. Follow emergency
operations plans/instructions from emergency response personnel.
Please contact your
local FBI Field Office if you observe any suspicious activity.